The Atomium in Brussels is not just a monument; it is a symbol of innovation, science, and the indomitable spirit of humanity. Built for the 1958 World Expo, it remains a fascinating feat of architecture and a window into the past.

An Icon of Post-War Progress

In the aftermath of World War II, Europe yearned for symbols of peace, progress, and unity. The Atomium, designed by Belgian engineer André Waterkeyn and architects André and Jean Polak, was an optimistic symbol of the atomic age and the boundless possibilities of science and technology. With its nine spheres, it represents the iron crystal structure magnified 165 billion times, a nod to nuclear energy, which was then seen as a promise for the future.

Just in Time

The realization of the Atomium was a true thriller, a race against time that almost ended in failure. The harsh winter of 1957-1958 pushed the construction team to their limits, with cold and snow nearly making it impossible to finish the upper spheres on time. When the World Expo opened its doors on April 17, 1958, the final works on the top sphere were still in full swing.

Temporary Monument?

Originally intended as a temporary installation for the duration of Expo 58, the Atomium was nearly doomed to be a fleeting dream. However, like the most unforgettable legends, the Atomium refused to disappear. After several postponements of its demolition, it was decided to grant this iconic monument a permanent place in Brussels.

Tourist Attraction

Although the Atomium is now one of Belgium’s most beloved tourist attractions, it was initially built as a temporary structure for Expo 58. Its popularity and symbolic value ensured it became a permanent feature of the Brussels skyline. Each year, the Atomium attracts thousands of visitors who come to marvel at its unique structure and the breathtaking views over Brussels.


Standing at 102 meters tall and weighing approximately 2,400 tons, the Atomium is no small feat. Each sphere has a diameter of 18 meters, and the structure rests on three giant support pillars. Perhaps most astonishing is that the entire building was erected in just 18 months, a remarkable achievement considering the complexity and innovative nature of the design.

Panoramic View

The Atomium is not only a visual delight from the outside; inside, a world of experiences awaits. The top sphere offers a panoramic view of the city and surroundings, while the other spheres host exhibitions, a restaurant, and even a public space for events. A visit to the Atomium is thus a journey through time, as well as a glimpse into the future through the eyes of the past.

Fast Elevator

Step into the Atomium’s elevator, and you’ll find yourself in a sleek capsule that whisks you upwards at a dazzling speed of 5 meters per second. In just 25 seconds, this elevator takes you to the highest sphere, earning it the title of the fastest elevator in Europe in 1958.

Europe’s Longest Escalators

Inside the Atomium, you will not only find a unique architectural structure but also the longest escalators in Europe, stretching an impressive 35 meters in length.

Declared the Most Bizarre Building in Europe

In January 2013, the Atomium received a special recognition when CNN declared it the most bizarre building in Europe. This honorary title places the Atomium in a unique category of architectural wonders, a testament to its unique design and the unconventional vision of its creators.

Major Renovation

Between 2004 and 2006, the Atomium underwent a major renovation to restore its original brilliance. The aluminum panels were replaced with stainless steel panels, giving the structure an even more futuristic look. This renovation also ensured that the Atomium was ready for the 21st century, with improved facilities and a more sustainable profile.

Menno, from the Netherlands, is an expert in unearthing fascinating facts and unraveling knowledge. At Top10HQ, he delves into the depths of various subjects, from science to history, bringing readers well-researched and intriguing insights.

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